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Saturday, March 24, 2012

Cooperative Learning Method




Today I want to share the Teaching Method Of Cooperative Learning, Why should Cooperative learning?Students and Teachers need strategies for helping them turn diversity into a positive force .Cultural and linguistic diversity in the student population has profound implications for education. The learning climate of the classroom is affected by the nature of the interactions among students. In a culturally diverse classroom, students reflect a variety of attitudes toward and expectations of one another's abilities and styles of behavior. Without structures that promote positive interactions and strategies for improving relationships, students remain detached from one another, unable to benefit From the resources their peers represent. Teachers and students need strategies that manage cultural and linguistic diversity in positive ways, strategies that channel peer influence into a positive force for improving school performance. Furthermore , to reach students from diverse cultural backgrounds, teachers need multiple alternatives to the prevalent pattern where teachers do most of the talking and directing in the classroom .


Cooperative learning methods -- instructional techniques in
which students work in small groups to help one another learn academic content -- are among the most effective teaching methods known. They are increasingly being used at every grade level, in all subjects, and in all kinds of schools and communities .
There are many forms of cooperative learning now in use. The most extensively evaluated of these are Student Team Learning methods .

The basic idea behind the Student Team Learning techniques is that when students learn in small , carefully structured learning teams and are rewarded based on the progress made by all team members, they help one another learn, gain in achievement and self-esteem, and increase in respect and liking for their classmates, including their mainstreamed classmates and classmates of other ethnic groups.

All Student Team Learning methods have been compared
to traditional methods and have been found to produce the following outcomes:

          1- Enhanced academic achievement for high, average, and
             low achievers
          2- Improved race relations and other social relationships.
          3- Greater acceptance of mainstreamed students.
          4- Improved self-esteem.
5-     Better attitudes toward the subject and toward school in
    general.
          6- Improved time-on-task.






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